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Note: An Annual Comprehensive Review, as required by §7 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, is conducted each year on committee data entered for the previous fiscal year (referred to as the reporting year). The data for the reporting year is not considered verified until this review is complete and the data is moved to history for an agency/department. See the Data From Previous Years section at the bottom of this page for the committee’s historical, verified data.

DHS - 15121 - National Infrastructure Advisory Council - Presidential


Committee NameNational Infrastructure Advisory CouncilAgency NameDepartment of Homeland Security
Fiscal Year2020Committee Number15121
Original Establishment Date10/16/2001Committee StatusChartered
Actual Termination Date Committee URL
New Committee This FYNoPresidential Appointments*Yes
Terminated This FYNoMax Number of Members*30
Current Charter Date12/6/2019Designated Fed Officer Position Title*Designated Federal Officer for the National Infrastructure Advisory Council
Date Of Renewal Charter12/6/2021Designated Federal Officer PrefixMs.
Projected Termination Date Designated Federal Officer First Name*Rachel
Exempt From Renewal*NoDesignated Federal Officer Middle NameJ.
Specific Termination AuthorityDesignated Federal Officer Last Name*Liang
Establishment Authority*PresidentialDesignated Federal Officer Suffix
Specific Establishment Authority*Sec. 9(b), EO 13231, as amended by EO 13286, 13385, and 13652Designated Federal Officer Phone*(202) 963-8300
Effective Date Of Authority*10/16/2001Designated Federal Officer Fax*
Exempt From EO 13875 Discretionary CmteNot ApplicableDesignated Federal Officer Email*
Committee Type*Continuing
Committee Function*National Policy Issue Advisory Board


Agency Recommendation*Continue
Legislation to Terminate RequiredNo
Legislation StatusNot Applicable
How does cmte accomplish its purpose?*The NIAC studies issues requested by the Federal government on related to critical infrastructure security and resilience as defined under Presidential Policy Directive 21, including cyber security related issues under Executive Order 13636; and on coordination and risk management efforts of public-private sector to advance the security and resilience of the Nation's critical infrastructure, by collecting information and developing recommendations on national policy, strategy and programs.
How is membership balanced?*Members shall be selected from the private sector, including industry and academia, as well as state, local and tribal government, as established in the committee's establishing Executive Order and in its charter. The Members shall have expertise relevant to the mission and purpose of the NIAC and shall be selected from industry Chief Executive Officers (and equivalent ranked leaders in academia, state, local, and tribal government) with leadership expertise and responsibility for the oversight of the security and resilience of institutions within critical sectors of the economy as defined in Presidential Policy Directive 21.
How frequent & relevant are cmte mtgs?*The Council meets quarterly (i.e., approximately 4 times each fiscal year). At those meetings, the Council: (1) receives guidance from Federal officials about issues of importance on which the government would like the Council's advice; (2) deliberates and/or decides on recommendations concerning such issues to forward to the President; and/or (3) provides guidance to Council working groups that are developing factual findings regarding such issues.
Why advice can't be obtained elsewhere?*The NIAC provides a forum for senior executive level industry and other equivalent representatives of academia, state, local and tribal government to advise on issues relating to critical infrastructure security and resilience to officials at the highest levels of the Federal government. The vast majority of the Nation's critical infrastructure is owned and operated by private sector, state, local, tribal and territorial government. The NIAC provides the Federal government with subject matter expertise and perspective on the topics defined in the Council's charter that otherwise would be unavailable to the Federal government at the senior executive level. The cross sector senior executive perspective of NIAC cannot be performed by the Department of Homeland Security, by any other federal agency, or by any existing advisory committee.
Why close or partially close meetings?N/A
Recommendation RemarksNIAC Studies address problems like how to Improve intelligence information sharing across government and industry; Identify and reduce complex cyber risks, particularly for cyber-physical systems that operate critical processes; Better prepare and respond to disruptions (like Superstorm Sandy) that can ripple across multiple infrastructure systems and paralyze services to entire regions; Facilitate cooperative decision-making among senior executives and federal leaders during imminent threats and disaster response; and Address the skills gaps and loss of institutional knowledge in key workforces.


Outcome Improvement To Health Or Safety*YesAction Reorganize Priorities*Yes
Outcome Trust In GovernmentYesAction Reallocate ResourcesYes
Outcome Major Policy ChangesYesAction Issued New RegulationsNo
Outcome Advance In Scientific ResearchYesAction Proposed LegislationYes
Outcome Effective Grant MakingNoAction Approved Grants Or Other PaymentsNo
Outcome Improved Service DeliveryYesAction OtherYes
Outcome Increased Customer SatisfactionYesAction CommentDHS and other agencies have implemented multiple NIAC Recommendations. The NIAC's Tri-Sector Model has been initiated in the past year and the DHS is using the NIAC's Risk Management recommendations to develop its own risk management approaches. HHS used the Council's Pandemic Report to shape its program planning and implementation for a pandemic flu. The NIAC's 2012 report and recommendations on Intelligence Information Sharing became a focus for action to incorporate private sector into intelligence community priorities, as reported in the Federal government's annual Information Sharing Environment Annual Report to Congress in 2013 and 2014 and in a Council quarterly business meeting by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Several state homeland security representatives have communicated that the Council's reports are studied in order to determine if recommendations might be useful to their state's critical infrastructure protection programs. NIAC reports and recommendations informed the development of EO 13636 and PPD-21. NIAC's reports are sources for multiple academic studies on critical infrastructure security since the perspective of CISR from a senior executive owner-operator level is very difficult to collect through other means. To date the NIAC Water Security and Resilience Study has been foundational for many state level initiatives and InfraGard is now referencing multiple NIAC reports for their work.
Outcome Implement Laws/Reg RequirementsYesGrants Review*No
Outcome OtherYesNumber Of Grants Reviewed0
Outcome CommentThe major outcome that the Council supports is to reduce the risk to the Nation's critical infrastructure thrugh advice on enhancing security and resilience of the Nation's critical infrastructures and their information systems, which in turn advances national and economic security, and public safety. Because this homeland security mission is a joint mission between all levels of government and the owners and operators of the Nation's critical infrastructure, neither can perform the mission alone. They must work together in a true partnership, which requires the thoughtful and experiential insights provided by the Council's members whose direct experience and knowledge of critical infrastructure are brought to bear in the Council's recommendations to the President on national policy and strategy and on effective public-private collaboration and coordination.Number Of Grants Recommended0
Cost Savings*Unable to DetermineDollar Value Of Grants Recommended$0.00
Cost Savings CommentN/AGrants Review CommentN/A
Number Of Recommendations*345Access Contact Designated Fed. Officer*Yes
Number Of Recommendations CommentSince it was established in 2001, the NIAC has conducted 31 in-depth studies resulting in almost 300 recommendations. As an advisory council, the NIAC does not have the authority to enforce implementation of its recommendations, but in some cases is able to identify actions that may have been taken in response to its recommendations. The NIAC was asked to highlight recommendations that have been implemented or driven federal action over the past 10 years.
Between 2008 and 2017, the NIAC conducted 16 studies, resulting in more than 160 recommendations to the President. As the former DFO noted in a presentation during the NIAC’s September 16, 2016 Quarterly Business Meeting (QBM), many of the NIAC recommendations that were accepted or under review prior to 2013 were incorporated into Presidential Policy Directive 21: Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience (PPD-21) and Executive Order 13636: Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (both signed in February 2013).
Most recently the NIAC produced its Cyber Report. Below are specific references to two NIAC recommendations for background:
NIAC Cyber Study, Rec. #8: PILOT AN OPERATIONAL TASK FORCE OF EXPERTS IN GOVERNMENT AND THE ELECTRICITY, FINANCE, AND COMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRIES—led by the executives who can direct priorities and marshal resources—to take decisive action on the nation’s top cyber needs with the speed and agility required by escalating cyber threats.
• Establish a three-tiered task force that includes: 1) senior executives in industry and government with the authority to set priorities and direct resources, 2) operational leaders who work the issues and implement strategic direction, and 3) dedicated full-time operational staff from both industry and government that dig in and solve complex issues. This operational component is crucial if the task force is to be successful.
• Leverage the Strategic Infrastructure Coordinating Council (SICC) to identify executives in the Electricity, Financial Services, and Communications sectors willing to participate in the pilot task force.
• Use the NIAC’s recommendations and findings as a starter agenda to provide critical areas for focus. The task force should tackle persistent barriers to cyber coordination and information sharing, such as legal and liability issues, data privacy concerns, fragmentation of authorities, and cost allocation for improving the security of private networks.
• Use lessons learned and best practices from this pilot to expand the task force coordination approach to other sectors and assets.
NIAC Executive Collaboration for the Nation’s Strategic Infrastructure Study (2015), Rec. #1: originally recommended the formation of the Strategic Infrastructure Executive Council, which the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council used as a basis for its work to form the Strategic Infrastructure Coordinating Council (SICC). Now, the NRMC is moving forward with standing up/chartering the Tri-Sector Working Group.
Access Agency WebsiteYes
% of Recs Fully Implemented*80.00%Access Committee WebsiteYes
% of Recs Fully Implemented CommentThe NIAC’s mission has evolved over the years, leading the Council to transition to more recommendations focused on changes in strategy and policy, which can take a longer period of time to implement. For example, some national strategies are only updated every five years, which can delay implementation. It was also reported that a number of recommendations accepted or under review were incorporated into Presidential Policy Directive 21: Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience (PPD-21) and Executive Order 13636: Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (both signed in February 2013). More complex recommendations that involve multiple agencies can take longer to implement because of the need to coordinate with a number of entities.Access GSA FACA WebsiteYes
% of Recs Partially Implemented*6.00%Access PublicationsNo
% of Recs Partially Implemented CommentRecommendations that are known to be accepted and partially implemented. Partial implementation may be due to changes in national policy or strategy, limited resources, or requirement for legislative change. Recommendations by this committee are also directed to Federal agencies and DHS, which may implicate required actions by private sector, Congress, and state and local government agencies. The Secretariat and DFO follows up periodically to collect information from all entities as best as possible when they are outside of DHS. In addition, as a presidential advisory committee, NIAC has made recommendations that require changes in national policy and strategy which may take years to assess feasibility and implement. Whenever, new reports and recommendations are issued by the Council, this percentage will drop for a period of time, since the total of recommendations to produce the % is now larger.Access OtherNo
Agency Feedback*YesAccess CommentAll reports are published on the NIAC page on the DHS public web site, This will be an ongoing outreach effort. As part of our recommendation implementation tracking plan, we will also increase outreach to other agencies, including active distribution of relevant reports and recommendations to interagency policy committees that are relevant to critical infrastructure security and resilience.
Agency Feedback Comment*Because the NIAC is a Presidential committee, its recommendations are made to the President, and can affect any or every Federal agency. The DFO continues to work with the White House and DHS to effectively track implementation. Representatives from various agencies, including those within DHS, to which advice has been given, are invited to provide feedback in quarterly business meetings on implementation status of recommendations relevant to them.Narrative Description*The NIAC is the only council of cross-sector executives that examines high-impact risks that could shut down America’s critical infrastructure, 85 percent of which is owned by the private sector. At the President’s direction, NIAC members study physical and cyber risks and recommend solutions that reduce risks and improve security and resilience. Members draw upon their deep experience, engage national experts, and conduct extensive research to discern the key insights that lead to practical federal solutions to complex problems.
The NIAC provides the President through the Secretary of Homeland Security with advice on the security and resilience of the critical infrastructure sectors and their information systems, from the executive level perspective of those who own and operate the Nation's critical infrastructure. Because the majority of the Nation's critical infrastructure is owned by private sector, state, and local government, the critical infrastructure security and resilience mission (CISR) is a shared mission with the Federal government. The CISR mission, which includes cyber security, is a core element of DHS mission to lead the unified national effort to secure America: We will prevent and deter terrorist attacks and protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation. The Council's advice supports the Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) Goal 1.3: Reduce Risk to the Nation's Critical Infrastructure, Key Leadership, and Events: Enhance security for the Nation's critical infrastructure from terrorism and criminal activity, which is the basis for key goals in DHS' mission and its strategic plan. The Nation's critical infrastructure is a foundation for the economy, public safety and national security. Recommendations are close to finalization.
Hide Section - COSTS


Payments to Non-Federal Members*$0.00Est Payments to Non-Fed Members Next FY*$0.00
Payments to Federal Members*$0.00Est. Payments to Fed Members Next FY*$0.00
Payments to Federal Staff*$241,654.40Estimated Payments to Federal Staff*$245,000.00
Payments to Consultants*$875,268.16Est. Payments to Consultants Next FY*$900,000.00
Travel Reimb. For Non-Federal Members*$0.00Est Travel Reimb Non-Fed Members nextFY*$0.00
Travel Reimb. For Federal Members*$0.00Est Travel Reimb For Fed Members*$0.00
Travel Reimb. For Federal Staff*$12,048.00Est. Travel Reimb to Fed Staff Next FY*$20,000.00
Travel Reimb. For Consultants*$6,480.00Est Travel Reimb to Consultants Next FY*$24,000.00
Other Costs$0.00Est. Other Costs Next FY*$0.00
Total Costs$1,135,450.56Est. Total Next FY*$1,189,000.00
Federal Staff Support (FTE)*2.25Est. Fed Staff Support Next FY*2.25
Cost RemarksTravel costs are lower due to virtual meetings as a result of COVID-19Est Cost Remarksnumbers are projections based on staff availability and travel
Hide Section - Interest Areas

Interest Areas

Management Science
Small Business
Business and Domestic Commerce
Computer Technology
Data Integrity
Emergency Preparedness and Management
Disaster Assistance
Earthquake, Flood, and Fire Hazards and Administration
Fuel Transportation
Nuclear Power
Waste Disposal
Food and Drugs
Food and Drugs
Federal Government
State Government
Health Care
Public Health
Law Enforcement
Research and Statistics
Research and Statistics
Workforce and Occupations
Radioactive Materials
National Defense
National Security and Defense
Basic Research
Research and Development
Research and Statistics
Research and Statistics
Science and Technology
Science and Technology
Social Sciences
Risk Communication
Surface and Vehicular Transportation
Boating and Navigation
Mass Transit
Water Use


To View all the members, meetings and advisory reports for this committee please click here




ActionCommittee System IDSubcommittee NameFiscal Year
 COM-035087Catastrophic Power Outage Working Group2020


No Documents Found



Data from Previous Years

ActionCommittee System IDCommittee NameFiscal Year
 COM-036205National Infrastructure Advisory Council2019
 COM-032821National Infrastructure Advisory Council2018
 COM-001252National Infrastructure Advisory Council2017
 COM-003014National Infrastructure Advisory Council2016
 COM-003390National Infrastructure Advisory Council2015
 COM-005119National Infrastructure Advisory Council2014
 COM-005512National Infrastructure Advisory Council2013
 COM-007404National Infrastructure Advisory Council2012
 COM-007614National Infrastructure Advisory Council2011
 COM-009435National Infrastructure Advisory Council2010
 COM-009707National Infrastructure Advisory Council2009
 COM-011351National Infrastructure Advisory Council2008
 COM-011571National Infrastructure Advisory Council2007
 COM-013245National Infrastructure Advisory Council2006
 COM-013372National Infrastructure Advisory Council2005
 COM-015130National Infrastructure Advisory Council2004
 COM-015312National Infrastructure Advisory Council2003
 COM-017133National Infrastructure Advisory Council2002